Automotive industry covers all those companies and activities involved in the manufacture of motor vehicles, including most components, such as engines and bodies, but excludes tires, batteries, and fuel. The industry’s principal products are passenger automobiles and light trucks, including pickups, vans, and sport utility vehicles. Commercial vehicles (i.e., delivery trucks and large transport trucks, often called semis), though important to the industry, are secondary. Automobile industry did not exist in India in the real sense before Independence. Only assembly work was done from the imported parts. General Motors (India) Ltd. started assembling trucks and cars in 1928 in their factory at Mumbai. The real development of the industry began with the establishment of the Premier Automobiles Ltd. at Kurla (Mumbai) in 1947 and the Hindustan Motors Ltd. at Uttarpara (Kolkata) in 1948. Automobile industry in India has made considerable progress during the last three decades. Today, it is one of the most vibrant sectors of economy.
A relatively newer addition to the automobile sector is that of electric vehicles. An electric vehicle (EV) is one that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal-combustion engine that generates power by burning a mix of fuel and gases. Therefore, such as vehicle is seen as a possible replacement for current-generation automobile, in order to address the issue of rising pollution, global warming, depleting natural resources, etc. Though the concept of electric vehicles has been around for a long time, it has drawn a considerable amount of interest in the past decade amid a rising carbon footprint and other environmental impacts of fuel-based vehicles. In India, the first concrete decision to incentivize electric vehicles was taken in 2010. According to an INR 95-crore scheme approved by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), the government announced a financial incentive for manufacturers for electric vehicles sold in India.With annual sales of over 5 million units, the Indian two-wheeler market is the second largest market in the world after that of China (annual sales of 12.5 million units). Technically, the two-wheeler industry is divided into five major classifications: mopeds, motorcycles, scooters, step-throughs and ungeared scooters. Of all the two-wheelers, motorcycles have registered the maximum growth. It’s a field with huge career opportunities not limited to engineers as is the popular view.
Sources- Various, Britannica, Wikipedia..
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